Maxillary Sinus Cyst

What is a Maxillary Sinus Cyst?

A maxillary sinus cyst is benign small sac with a two-layered wall where the inner layer contains liquid. The inner cells of the cystic walls include specialized cells that produce mucous secretion.


The cyst mostly develops due to a connection with the occlusion gland that produces mucus. Moreover, the primary reason behind the development of a cyst in the maxillary sinus is due to the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses (lining which contains particular cells as well as mucous membrane and secretes mucus). Sometimes the mucus gets clogged, but the reasons for such a development may vary:

  • Most common cause can be sinusitis, rhinitis or other illness
  • According to a hypothesis, the formation of the cyst can be because of changes of immune process in the body although the reason is not confirmed
  • Anatomical feature like facial asymmetry makes a person more prone to this type of cyst
  • Formation of odontogenic cyst is associated with the maxillary teeth disease
  • Increased allergy to the organism can also be a reason


Usually, the maxillary sinus cyst does not have any signs but if the cyst size increases, then it may cause constant nasal congestion and difficulty in breathing. If the cyst is located on the left side of the maxillary sinus, then congestion will be more than that of the right side. In some cases, the scant purulent origin can also be observed. Other symptoms can be severe headaches and soreness.


  • X-Ray
  • Computer Tomography
  • MRI
  • Endoscopy


The treatment usually involves usage of medications like nasal drops, solution for washing and tablets, but these can be useless at times. If a person has does not have any symptoms such as inflammation, then it does not require any treatment. It should regularly be monitored to check the pathological changes of the tumor.

The occurrence of the cyst can also govern the type of treatment provided. For example, if the pain and inflammation occur against the backdrop of the odontogenic cyst, then the patient may require dental treatment which will automatically reduce the symptoms.

In some cases, doctors may perform sinus or puncture tumors that may result in the tissues failing with the release of the pus. Due to the remnants of cyst shells, there is a high possibility of its re-growth. Sometimes the complete removal of the cyst is the only practical method.

Traditional Medicines

  • A mixture of a tablespoon of water, two grams of mummia and teaspoon of glycerin in three drops should be put in the nostrils and repeated twice a day.
  • Juice golden mustache that is supposed to dig twice a day for three drops. The juice of the tuber forest should be diluted with water in 1 is to 4 ratios and should be applied for a week.

Inhalation of essential oils, sinuses warming and washing of nose can only aggravate the situation. The use of plant extract can cause an allergic reaction, therefore, self-medication should not be implemented without doctor’s consent. These remedies can only reduce the symptoms but cannot cure the cyst. For proper disappearance, surgery is needed.

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