Cystoma Ovary

What is Cystoma Ovary?

Cystoma ovary is an ovarian tumor that develops from the epithelial tissue and has proliferative growth. It is benign in nature but might degenerate into cancer. It may develop from a previously occurred cyst.


The exact cause is still unknown, but some studies say that the predisposing factors for its development ;are:

  • Herpes virus type 2
  • Hepatitis
  • Hormonal dysfunction of the ovaries
  • Mammary cancer
  • Chronic disease of the reproductive system like endometritis, colphitis & oophiritis
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Breast cancer
  • Ectopic pregnancy



Although small cystoma ovary does not show any sign or symptoms, larger ones maybe characterized with:

  • Pain attacks
  • Feeling heaviness in the abdominal section

Twist leg swelling shows symptoms like:

  • Hyperthermia
  • Sharp pains
  • Heart rhythm disorder
  • Nausea
  • Bleeding

In case of degeneration of tumor or injury, severe pain, shock, fetal bleeding, unconsciousness and peritonitis are some common symptoms.


Cystoma ovary can only be detected by ultrasound or getting accidentally when examined for some other complications.


Regardless of the type, size and location, the cystoma ovary should be removed surgically because it has high chances of regenerating a benign state into a malignant tumor. If the tumor grows excessively, then it has a high probability of hampering the pelvic organs.

If there is small cystoma which has serious content, then laparoscopically with the preservation of the ovary tissues, it can be removed surgically.

Prevention and Prognosis

  • It is important to visit a gynecologist twice a year to treat the chronic and acute disease of a female sexual sphere
  • Ensure usage of contraception to correct hormonal imbalances and to prevent abortions


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