Cyst on the nose is very common and a regular occurrence that happens to people at some point in life. However, the cyst is not similar to the cyst that occurs in other parts of the body. It is caused due to infection on hair follicles within the nostrils or imbalance in bacteria which is also present due to a number of factors. Usually, it is not dangerous but can be painful and cause significant discomfort.
Difference between Cyst & Pimple on the Nose
It is difficult to differentiate between a cyst and a pimple but it may sound similar while describing it. Pointing out the difference between them for treatment purpose is essential. Major differences are as follows:
- Cyst appears due to infection which lies underneath the skin while a pimple lies on the surface and might look without an infection
- Cyst is tender and soft to touch while a pimple, also known as a pustule is hard when touched
- If the cyst contains blood and pus and gets infected, it forms an abscess leaving a scar after rupture, while a pimple does not leave any scar after its removal.
Milia cyst on Nose
A milia cyst is a white and small lump that appears on the neck and cheeks. It is common among newborn babies and gets cleared within a few weeks. The main reason for the appearance is still not known and is often confused with acne. In adult and older children, the milia cyst can be because of:
- Long-term sugar damage and diabetes
- Burnt skin
- Skin blistering
Sebaceous Cyst on Nose
A cyst on the tip of the nose can be a sebaceous cyst that is common and benign containing fluid or semi-fluid substance. This cyst does not possess any serious health issue but can irritate if not examined. The skin of the nose contains sebaceous gland that produces sebum, but if these glands get blocked or damaged, then it forms a cyst. Other possibilities of developing a sebaceous cyst on the nose are:
- Cells damaged during surgery
- Hereditary condition (Gardener’s Syndrome and Basal nevus syndrome)
- Usage of anabolic steroids and high levels of testosterone
- Hair removal: Trimming or removal of hair from the nostrils can lead to the formation of a cyst, but it can also be due to irritation caused by hair follicles within the nose.
- Nose picking: Picking your nose regularly can have significant consequences as the pores of the nose can get infected or inflamed due to cut with nails and red bumps or spots may develop.
- Oily skin: People who have greasy and oily skin are prone to develop a cyst on the nose. The area around the nose produces a lot of sebum due to the presence of sebaceous gland in high concentration.
- Blocked nose pores: Nose is the right place for bacteria to develop because the skin is moist and wet within the nostrils.
- Overuse of antibiotics: Usage of too many antibiotics may also be a reason because these antibiotics destroy hygienic bacteria of the nose.
- Cardiovascular or reproductive system: Changes can lead to cyst formation
- Chemical and environmental irritants: Can singularly or jointly form the cyst.
- Painful lump on nose
- Burning and dryness sensation
- Nausea and nose bleeding
- Swollen lymph node behind the ears
- Redness and itchiness
- Small white bump
The treatment does not involve any significant surgery but can be removed with a minor one. The operation also depends on the size of the cyst. If the cyst is small, it does not require any treatment but if it is significant, it can be treated by any of the following methods:
- For vast and painful cyst, a dermatologist may apply sterile procedure where sterilized needle and syringe is used to drain out the pus
- Operation may be required for cancerous cysts
- For infected and ruptures cyst, antibiotics may be referred to fight staphylococci
- Topical anti-aching creams should be applied to avoid itchiness
- To reduce swelling antihistamine is used
- To shrink the cyst, a cortisone injection is used
- Coconut oil
- Aloe Vera
- Apple cider vinegar
- Lemon juice
- Proper hygiene